55 and 54 B.C.: Caesar's expeditions to Britain

55 and 54 B.C.: Caesar's expeditions to Britain PDF Author: Julius Caesar
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : un
Pages : 112
Book Description


Julius Caesar's Invasion of Britain

Julius Caesar's Invasion of Britain PDF Author: Roger Nolan
Publisher: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1526747928
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 176
Book Description
In this landmark study, an amateur historian tackles the unanswered questions surrounding Julius Caesar’s time in Britain. Two thousand years ago, Julius Caesar came, saw, and conquered southern Britain, but exactly where he landed and the precise routes his army marched through the south of the country have never been firmly established. Numerous sites have been suggested for the Roman landings of 55 B.C. and 54 B.C., yet remarkably, the exact locations of the first major events in recorded British history remain undiscovered—until now. After years of careful analysis, Roger Nolan has painstakingly traced not only the places where the Romans landed, but he has also discovered four temporary marching camps Caesar’s army built as it drove up from the south coast in pursuit of the British tribal leader, Cassivellaunus. This advance took Caesar across the Thames to Cassivellaunus’s stronghold at Wheathampstead in present-day Hertfordshire. These marching camps are placed almost equidistant from each other and, most importantly, are in a straight line between the coast and Wheathampstead. Roger Nolan’s research has also enabled him to identify the place mentioned in Caesar’s Commentaries, where the Roman legions were ambushed by the British while foraging and where a large battle then ensued—the first known land battle in Britain. Without doubt, this groundbreaking study is certain to prompt much discussion and reappraisal of this fascinating subject.

Caesar's Expeditions to Britain, 55 & 54 BC

Caesar's Expeditions to Britain, 55 & 54 BC PDF Author: Julius Caesar
Publisher: Bristol Classical Press
ISBN: 9780862922801
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 112
Book Description
This selection from Caesar's Gallic War, intended for use in schools, includes the following passages in Latin: Book IV, chapters 20-36, and Book V, chapters 8-23. These cover Caesar's expeditions to Britain in 55 and 54 BC. The text in Latin is supplemented by an introduction and notes on the text in English.

Military History of Roman Britain

Military History of Roman Britain PDF Author: Source Wikipedia
Publisher: University-Press.org
ISBN: 9781230555980
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 40
Book Description
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 38. Chapters: Battles involving the Britons, Caesar's invasions of Britain, Roman legions in Britain, Roman conquest of Britain, Battle of Mons Badonicus, Battle of Deorham, Battle of Watling Street, Legio IX Hispana, Battle of Chester, Battle of Mons Graupius, Battle of Maserfield, Battle of Mercredesburne, Legio II Augusta, Carausian Revolt, Night of the Long Knives, Legio XIV Gemina, Gweith Gwen Ystrat, Legio XX Valeria Victrix, Classis Britannica, Tencteri and Usipetes, Battle of Hehil, Battle of Jengland, Great Conspiracy, Battle of Hatfield Chase, Massacre of the Ninth Legion, Battle of the Medway, Battle of Catraeth, Battle of Peonnum, Battle of Camlann, Battle of Blain, Battle of Arfderydd, Battle of Caer Caradoc, Legio VI Victrix, Battle of Aylesford, Menai Massacre, Geraint son of Erbin, Battle of Alclud Ford, Siege of Exeter, Battle of Woden's Burg, Comes Britanniarum, Battle of Pencon, Battle of Wippedesfleot, Battle of Cefn Digoll, Dux Britanniarum, Battle of Tryfrwyd, Battle of Beran Byrig, Ala Gallorum Indiana, Battle of Raith. Excerpt: In his Gallic Wars, Julius Caesar invaded Britain twice, in 55 and 54 BC. The first invasion, made late in summer, was either intended as a full invasion (in which case it was unsuccessful - it gained a beachhead on the coast of Kent but achieved little else) or a reconnaissance-in-force expedition. The second was more successful, setting up a friendly king, Mandubracius, and forcing the submission of his rival, Cassivellaunus, although no territory was conquered and held for Rome, but was restored to the allied Trinovantes, along with promised tribute of other tribes in what is now eastern England. A rowing bireme, as possibly used by Caesar - entirely unsuitable for the stormy and tidal Channel waters.During the course of his conquest of Gaul, Caesar claims that the Britons had...

55 and 54 B.C.: Caesar's Expeditions to Britain

55 and 54 B.C.: Caesar's Expeditions to Britain PDF Author: Julius Caesar
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780571089369
Category : Gaul
Languages : en
Pages : 112
Book Description


Roman Britain

Roman Britain PDF Author: Stanley Ireland
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134029225
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 304
Book Description
Roman Britain: A Sourcebook has established itself as the only comprehensive collection of source material on the subject. It incorporates literary, numismatic and epigraphic evidence for the history of Britain under Roman rule, as well as translations of major literary sources. This new edition includes not only recently discovered material, but also the texts of Caesar’s commentaries on his expeditions to Britain in 55 and 54 BC, as well as relevant sections of Tacitus’ biography of his father-in-law, former governor of Britain. The inclusion of these pivotal texts, which provide the most detailed account of the Romans campaigns in Britain, significantly underlies the volume’s usefulness to all students of Roman Britain. Though most of the material is arranged chronologically, there are also thematic sections on geography, religion and social and economic activity. Each section is prefaced by an introductory note, and the inclusion of illustrations and maps enhances the attractiveness of this updated collection as a teaching tool and a work of reference.

Athena Review: The Landings of Caesar in Britain, 55 and 54 BC.

Athena Review: The Landings of Caesar in Britain, 55 and 54 BC. PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
Discusses Roman general and statesman Julius Caesar (100B.C.-44B.C.) and his two excursions to Britain in 55 and 54 BC, with information presented by Athena Publications, Inc. Notes that the two expeditions provided basic information on the terrain, inhabitants, and political, economic and military customs of Britain, the only direct historical record for that time period.

Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar PDF Author: Jacob Abbott
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781726420617
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 156
Book Description
Julius Caesar was born in Rome on 12 or 13 July 100 BC into the prestigious Julian clan. His family were closely connected with the Marian faction in Roman politics. Caesar himself progressed within the Roman political system, becoming in succession quaestor, aedile and praetor. In 61-60 BC he served as governor of the Roman province of Spain. Back in Rome in 60, Caesar made a pact with Pompey and Crassus, who helped him to get elected as consul for 59 BC. The following year he was appointed governor of Roman Gaul where he stayed for eight years, adding the whole of modern France and Belgium to the Roman empire, and making Rome safe from the possibility of Gallic invasions. He made two expeditions to Britain, in 55 BC and 54 BC. Dictatorship was always regarded a temporary position but in 44 BC, Caesar took it for life. His success and ambition alienated strongly republican senators. A group of these, led by Cassius and Brutus, assassinated Caesar on the Ides of March 44 BC.

The Gallic War

The Gallic War PDF Author: Julius Caesar
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Gaul
Languages : en
Pages : 619
Book Description
In his Gallic War and Civil Wars Caesar (100-44 BCE) provided vigorous, direct, clear, third-personal, and largely unemotional records of his own campaigns. Caesar (C. Iulius, 102-44 BCE), statesman and soldier, defied the dictator Sulla; served in the Mithridatic wars and in Spain; pushed his way in Roman politics as a "democrat" against the senatorial government; was the real leader of the coalition with Pompey and Crassus; conquered all Gaul for Rome; attacked Britain twice; was forced into civil war; became master of the Roman world; and achieved wide-reaching reforms until his murder. We have his books of Commentarii (notes): eight on his wars in Gaul, 58-52 BC, including the two expeditions to Britain 55-54, and three on the civil war of 49-48. They are records of his own campaigns (with occasional digressions) in vigorous, direct, clear, unemotional style and in the third person, the account of the civil war being somewhat more impassioned. There is no rhetoric. The Loeb Classical Library edition of Caesar is in three volumes. Volume II is his Civil Wars. The Alexandrian War, the African War, and the Spanish War, commonly ascribed to Caesar by our manuscripts but of uncertain authorship, are collected in Volume III.

A History of Britain Before 1066-Volume 1

A History of Britain Before 1066-Volume 1 PDF Author: Charles Oman
Publisher: Leonaur Limited
ISBN: 9781782829638
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 188
Book Description
Vini Vidi Vici--Rome's struggles to take and hold Britain Professor Charles Oman's exemplary credentials as an historian require no elaboration. His substantial volume of the history of Britain, covering a period of more than 1,000 years and culminating in the Norman Invasion of 1066, is a masterful, authoritative work on the subject. Mindful of the specialised interests of readers and students of history, Leonaur has divided that work into three separate books, each one of which concentrates on a troubled period in detail: The Roman Invasion, The Anglo-Saxon Invasion and The Danish Wars. The first volume, of course, commences with the military expeditions led by Julius Caesar in 55 B.C. and 54 B.C. In AD 43, four Roman legions set out to conquer Britain, which led to almost two decades of tribal warfare in England. Wars with Scottish tribes would embroil the empire for two centuries, before Barbarian incursions from the continent together with the decline of Rome itself eventually led to an end to Roman rule. Leonaur editions are newly typeset and are not facsimiles; each title is available in softcover and hardback with dustjacket.