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Out of Control

Out of Control PDF Author: Richard A. Cohen
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438461119
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 288
Book Description
Explores the fundamental confrontations between Spinoza and Levinas in ethics, politics, science, and religion.

After the end of superstitious religion, what is the meaning of the world? Baruch Spinoza’s answer is truth, Emmanuel Levinas’s is goodness: science versus ethics. In Out of Control, Richard A. Cohen brings this debate to life, providing a nuanced exposition of Spinoza and Levinas and the confrontations between them in ethics, politics, science, and religion.

Spinoza is the control, the inexorable defensive logic of administrative rationality, where freedom is equated to necessity—a seventeenth-century glimpse of Orwellian doublespeak and Big Brother. Levinas is the way out: transcendence not of God, being, and logic but of the other person experienced as moral obligation. To alleviate the suffering of others—nothing is more important! Spinoza wagers everything on mathematical truth, discarding the rest as ignorance and illusion; for Levinas, nothing surpasses the priorities of morality and justice, to create a world in which humans can be human and not numbers or consumers, drudges or robots.

Situating these two thinkers in today’s context, Out of Control responds to the fear of dehumanization in a world flattened by the alliance of positivism and plutocracy. It offers a nonideological ethical alternative, a way out and up, in the nobility of one human being helping another, and the solidarity that moves from morality to justice.

“Cohen’s work here is nothing short of spectacular. His analysis of the mathematical and scientific foundations of Spinoza’s philosophy is exemplary. Lucidly, meticulously, and with very disciplined analysis he conveys the force, power, and influence of Spinoza’s philosophy on contemporary religious thought.” — Richard I. Sugarman, University of Vermont

“Richard Cohen has managed to not merely bring these two notoriously difficult philosophers into conversation with each other, but to do so in an extremely readable way. Indeed, he is able to explain extremely difficult philosophical disputes with clarity and to convey a palpable sense of excitement.” — Robert Erlewine, author of Monotheism and Tolerance: Recovering a Religion of Reason

Out of Control

Out of Control PDF Author: Richard A. Cohen
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438461119
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 288
Book Description
Explores the fundamental confrontations between Spinoza and Levinas in ethics, politics, science, and religion.

After the end of superstitious religion, what is the meaning of the world? Baruch Spinoza’s answer is truth, Emmanuel Levinas’s is goodness: science versus ethics. In Out of Control, Richard A. Cohen brings this debate to life, providing a nuanced exposition of Spinoza and Levinas and the confrontations between them in ethics, politics, science, and religion.

Spinoza is the control, the inexorable defensive logic of administrative rationality, where freedom is equated to necessity—a seventeenth-century glimpse of Orwellian doublespeak and Big Brother. Levinas is the way out: transcendence not of God, being, and logic but of the other person experienced as moral obligation. To alleviate the suffering of others—nothing is more important! Spinoza wagers everything on mathematical truth, discarding the rest as ignorance and illusion; for Levinas, nothing surpasses the priorities of morality and justice, to create a world in which humans can be human and not numbers or consumers, drudges or robots.

Situating these two thinkers in today’s context, Out of Control responds to the fear of dehumanization in a world flattened by the alliance of positivism and plutocracy. It offers a nonideological ethical alternative, a way out and up, in the nobility of one human being helping another, and the solidarity that moves from morality to justice.

“Cohen’s work here is nothing short of spectacular. His analysis of the mathematical and scientific foundations of Spinoza’s philosophy is exemplary. Lucidly, meticulously, and with very disciplined analysis he conveys the force, power, and influence of Spinoza’s philosophy on contemporary religious thought.” — Richard I. Sugarman, University of Vermont

“Richard Cohen has managed to not merely bring these two notoriously difficult philosophers into conversation with each other, but to do so in an extremely readable way. Indeed, he is able to explain extremely difficult philosophical disputes with clarity and to convey a palpable sense of excitement.” — Robert Erlewine, author of Monotheism and Tolerance: Recovering a Religion of Reason

From Spinoza to Lévinas

From Spinoza to Lévinas PDF Author: Zeev Levy
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9781433106972
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 181
Book Description
Pt. I. Politics and hermeneutics in the philosophies of Spinoza and Mendelssohn -- Tolerance, liberty and equality -- Spinoza's and Maimonides' esoteric writings -- Pt. II. Philosophical hermeneutics -- Biblical hermeneutics : J.G. Herder and J.W. von Goethe -- Hermeneutics and demythologization : Martin Buber and Rudolf Bultmann -- Hermeneutics and tradition -- Pt. III. Ethics and contemporary Jewish thought -- Death, dying, body, and soul -- Does it make sense to speak about Jewish ethics? -- Pt. IV. Lévinas, politics, and contemporary Jewish thought -- Lévinas on state, revolution, and utopia -- Lévinas on secularization -- Lévinas on death and hope.

Levinas and the Torah

Levinas and the Torah PDF Author: Richard I. Sugarman
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438475748
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 426
Book Description
A Levinasian commentary on the Torah. The French philosopher Emmanuel Levinas (1906–95) was one of the most original Jewish thinkers of the twentieth century. This book interprets the Hebrew Bible through the lens of Levinas’s religious philosophy. Richard I. Sugarman examines the Pentateuch using a phenomenological approach, drawing on both Levinas’s philosophical and Jewish writings. Sugarman puts Levinas in conversation with biblical commentators both classical and modern, including Rashi, Maimonides, Sforno, Hirsch, and Soloveitchik. He particularly highlights Levinas’s work on the Talmud and the Holocaust. Levinas’s reading is situated against the background of a renewed understanding of such phenomena as covenant, promise, different modalities of time, and justice. The volume is organized to reflect the fifty-four portions of the Torah read during the Jewish liturgical year. A preface provides an overview of Levinas’s life, approach, and place in contemporary Jewish thought. The reader emerges with a deeper understanding of both the Torah and the philosophy of a key Jewish thinker. Richard I. Sugarman is Professor of Religion at the University of Vermont. He has published several books, including Rancor against Time: The Phenomenology of Ressentiment, as well as numerous articles on Levinas.

Spinoza and the Philosophy of Love

Spinoza and the Philosophy of Love PDF Author: Michael Strawser
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1793628602
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 230
Book Description
Michael Strawser provides a new reading of Spinoza as a philosopher of love for whom the ethically qualified conception of noble love is central. Strawser situates Spinoza’s philosophy of love within the Jewish and Cartesian traditions and shows how this active conception of love can conquer hatred and bring people together.

From Spinoza to Lévinas

From Spinoza to Lévinas PDF Author: Zeev Levy
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781453904589
Category : Jewish philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 181
Book Description


Leo Strauss and Emmanuel Levinas

Leo Strauss and Emmanuel Levinas PDF Author: Leora Batnitzky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139455133
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
Leo Strauss and Emmanuel Levinas, two twentieth-century Jewish philosophers and two extremely provocative thinkers whose reputations have grown considerably, are rarely studied together. This is due to the disparate interests of many of their intellectual heirs. Strauss has influenced political theorists and policy makers on the right while Levinas has been championed in the humanities by different cadres associated with postmodernist thought. In Leo Strauss and Emmanuel Levinas: Philosophy and the Politics of Revelation, first published in 2006, Leora Batnitzky brings together these two seemingly incongruous contemporaries, demonstrating that they often had the same philosophical sources and their projects had many formal parallels. While such a comparison is valuable in itself for better understanding each figure, it also raises profound questions in the debate on the definitions of 'religion', suggesting ways that religion makes claims on both philosophy and politics.

Addressing Levinas

Addressing Levinas PDF Author: Eric Sean Nelson
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
ISBN: 0810120488
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 342
Book Description
At a time of great and increasing interest in the work of Emmanuel Levinas, this volume draws readers into what Levinas described as "philosophy itself"--"a discourse always addressed to another." Thus the philosopher himself provides the thread that runs through these essays on his writings, one guided by the importance of the fact of being addressed--the significance of the Saying much more than the Said. The authors, leading Levinas scholars and interpreters from across the globe, explore the philosopher's relationship to a wide range of intellectual traditions, including theology, philosophy of culture, Jewish thought, phenomenology, and the history of philosophy. They also engage Levinas's contribution to ethics, politics, law, justice, psychoanalysis and epistemology, among other themes. In their radical singularity, these essays reveal the inalienable alterity at the heart of Levinas's ethics. At the same time, each essay remains open to the others, and to the perspectives and positions they advocate. Thus the volume, in its quality and diversity, enacts an authentic encounter with Levinas's thought, embodying an intellectual ethics by virtue of its style. Bringing together contributions from philosophy, theology, literary theory, gender studies, and political theory, this book offers a deeper and more thorough encounter with Levinas's ethics than any yet written.

Politics and the Passions, 1500-1850

Politics and the Passions, 1500-1850 PDF Author: Victoria Kahn
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400827159
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 320
Book Description
Focusing on the new theories of human motivation that emerged during the transition from feudalism to the modern period, this is the first book of new essays on the relationship between politics and the passions from Machiavelli to Bentham. Contributors address the crisis of moral and philosophical discourse in the early modern period; the necessity of inventing a new way of describing the relation between reflection and action, and private and public selves; the disciplinary regulation of the body; and the ideological constitution of identity. The collection as a whole asks whether a discourse of the passions might provide a critical perspective on the politics of subjectivity. Whatever their specific approach to the question of ideology, all the essays reconsider the legacy of the passions in modern political theory and the importance of the history of politics and the passions for modern political debates. Contributors, in addition to the editors, are Nancy Armstrong, Judith Butler, Riccardo Caporali, Howard Caygill, Patrick Coleman, Frances Ferguson, John Guillory, Timothy Hampton, John P. McCormick, and Leonard Tennenhouse.

The Oxford Handbook of Levinas

The Oxford Handbook of Levinas PDF Author: Michael L. Morgan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190910690
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 800
Book Description
Emmanuel Levinas (1906-1995) emerged as an influential philosophical voice in the final decades of the twentieth century, and his reputation has continued to flourish and increase in our own day. His central themes--the primacy of the ethical and the core of ethics as our responsibility to and for others--speak to readers from a host of disciplines and perspectives. However, his writings and thought are challenging and difficult. The Oxford Handbook of Levinas contains essays that aim to clarify and engage Levinas and his writings in a number of ways. Some focus on central themes of his work, others on the ways in which he read and was influenced by figures from Plato, Hobbes, Descartes, and Kant to Blanchot, Husserl, Heidegger, and Derrida. And there are essays on how his thinking has been appropriated in moral and political thought, psychology, film criticism, and more, and on the relation between his thinking and religious themes and traditions. Finally, several essays deal primarily with how readers have criticized him and found him wanting. The volume exposes and explores both the depth of Levinas's philosophical work and the range of applications to which it has been put, with special attention to clarifying why his interests in the human condition, the crisis of civilization, the centrality and character of ethics and morality, and the very meaning of human experience should be of interest to the widest range of readers.

Nietzsche and Levinas

Nietzsche and Levinas PDF Author: Jill Stauffer
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231144040
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272
Book Description
This work locates multiple affinities between the philosophies of Nietzsche and Lévinas, finding that both questioned the nature of subjectivity and the meaning of responsibility after the 'death of God', and argued the goodness exists independently of a naïve faith in reason.