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Modular Deficits in Alzheimer-type Dementia

Modular Deficits in Alzheimer-type Dementia PDF Author: Myrna F. Schwartz
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262192989
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 346
Book Description
Bringing models and methods of cognitive neuropsychology to bear on the study of dementing disorders, these contributions present sound evidence that diseases of the Alzheimer type compromise brain function in a highly selective manner, affecting some aspects of cognition while sparing others. Included are original case studies that explore in detail the nature of the linguistic, semantic, and visuoperceptual disorders in patients with degenerative dementias. The book pursues a number of themes with important ramifications for the study of higher mental functions. By exploring the neurocognitive modules that are the targets of degenerative processes, it shows that Alzheimer's disease is not one disease but a complex of disease states, that clinical diversity is an essential feature of Alzheimer's disease and Alzheimer-type dementia, that this diversity reflects to a large extent the differential involvement of particular neural systems that support cognition, and that when suitable methods and models are applied, studies of Alzheimer-type dementia can expand our understanding of basic brain-behavior relations.Myrna F. Schwartz is Director of the Neuropsychology Research Laboratory at Moss Rehabilitation Hospital in Philadelphia.Contributors: M. Moscovitch and C. Umilta, M. F. Schwartz, J. A. Stark, A. R. Damasio, G. W. Van Hoesen, B. T. Hyman, J. B. Chawluk, M. Grossman, J. A. Calcano-Perez, A. Alavi, H. I. Hurtig, M. Reivich, A. Martin, J. Baron, M. Moscovitch, H. Chertkow, D. Bub, E. M. Saffran, E. J. Fitzpatrick-DeSalme, H. B. Coslett.

Modular Deficits in Alzheimer-type Dementia

Modular Deficits in Alzheimer-type Dementia PDF Author: Myrna F. Schwartz
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262192989
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 346
Book Description
Bringing models and methods of cognitive neuropsychology to bear on the study of dementing disorders, these contributions present sound evidence that diseases of the Alzheimer type compromise brain function in a highly selective manner, affecting some aspects of cognition while sparing others. Included are original case studies that explore in detail the nature of the linguistic, semantic, and visuoperceptual disorders in patients with degenerative dementias. The book pursues a number of themes with important ramifications for the study of higher mental functions. By exploring the neurocognitive modules that are the targets of degenerative processes, it shows that Alzheimer's disease is not one disease but a complex of disease states, that clinical diversity is an essential feature of Alzheimer's disease and Alzheimer-type dementia, that this diversity reflects to a large extent the differential involvement of particular neural systems that support cognition, and that when suitable methods and models are applied, studies of Alzheimer-type dementia can expand our understanding of basic brain-behavior relations.Myrna F. Schwartz is Director of the Neuropsychology Research Laboratory at Moss Rehabilitation Hospital in Philadelphia.Contributors: M. Moscovitch and C. Umilta, M. F. Schwartz, J. A. Stark, A. R. Damasio, G. W. Van Hoesen, B. T. Hyman, J. B. Chawluk, M. Grossman, J. A. Calcano-Perez, A. Alavi, H. I. Hurtig, M. Reivich, A. Martin, J. Baron, M. Moscovitch, H. Chertkow, D. Bub, E. M. Saffran, E. J. Fitzpatrick-DeSalme, H. B. Coslett.

Neuroglia

Neuroglia PDF Author: Helmut Kettenmann
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195152227
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 628
Book Description
Graduate students in neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, neurophysiology, and molecular neurobiology will find the book indispensable. It is also a vital companion for researchers in these fields as well as clinicians in neurology, neurosurgery, neuropathology, neuro-oncology, physiatry, and psychiatry."--BOOK JACKET.

Molecular Epidemiology

Molecular Epidemiology PDF Author: Paul A. Schulte
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0323138578
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 588
Book Description
This book will serve as a primer for both laboratory and field scientists who are shaping the emerging field of molecular epidemiology. Molecular epidemiology utilizes the same paradigm as traditional epidemiology but uses biological markers to identify exposure, disease or susceptibility. Schulte and Perera present the epidemiologic methods pertinent to biological markers. The book is also designed to enumerate the considerations necessary for valid field research and provide a resource on the salient and subtle features of biological indicators.

Index of NLM Serial Titles

Index of NLM Serial Titles PDF Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Medicine
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
A keyword listing of serial titles currently received by the National Library of Medicine.

The Diseased Brain and the Failing Mind

The Diseased Brain and the Failing Mind PDF Author: Martina Zimmermann
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350121827
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 240
Book Description
This book is available as open access through the Bloomsbury Open programme and is available on www.bloomsburycollections.com. It is funded by The Wellcome Trust. The Diseased Brain and the Failing Mind charts changing cultural understandings of dementia and alzheimer's disease in scientific and cultural texts across the 20th Century. Reading a range of texts from the US, UK, Europe and Japan, the book examines how the language of dementia – regarding the loss of identity, loss of agency, loss of self and life – is rooted in scientific discourse and expressed in popular and literary texts. Following changing scientific understandings of dementia, the book also demonstrates how cultural expressions of the experience and dementia have fed back into the way medical institutions have treated dementia patients. The book includes a glossary of scientific terms for non-specialist readers.

Some Aspects of Neuroanatomy

Some Aspects of Neuroanatomy PDF Author: Vasiliĭ Nikolaevich Ternovskiĭ
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Nervous system
Languages : en
Pages : 183
Book Description


Glial Physiology and Pathophysiology

Glial Physiology and Pathophysiology PDF Author: Alexei Verkhratsky
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118402057
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 560
Book Description
Glial Physiology and Pathophysiology provides a comprehensive, advanced text on the biology and pathology of glial cells. Coverae includes: the morphology and interrelationships between glial cells and neurones in different parts of the nervous systems the cellular physiology of the different kinds of glial cells the mechanisms of intra- and inter-cellular signalling in glial networks the mechanisms of glial-neuronal communications the role of glial cells in synaptic plasticity, neuronal survival and development of nervous system the cellular and molecular mechanisms of metabolic neuronal-glial interactions the role of glia in nervous system pathology, including pathology of glial cells and associated diseases - for example, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's, Alexander disease and Parkinson's Neuroglia oversee the birth and development of neurones, the establishment of interneuronal connections (the 'connectome'), the maintenance and removal of these inter-neuronal connections, writing of the nervous system components, adult neurogenesis, the energetics of nervous tissue, metabolism of neurotransmitters, regulation of ion composition of the interstitial space and many, many more homeostatic functions. This book primes the reader towards the notion that nervous tissue is not divided into more important and less important cells. The nervous tissue functions because of the coherent and concerted action of many different cell types, each contributing to an ultimate output. This reaches its zenith in humans, with the creation of thoughts, underlying acquisition of knowledge, its analysis and synthesis, and contemplating the Universe and our place in it. An up-to-date and fully referenced text on the most numerous cells in the human brain Detailed coverage of the morphology and interrelationships between glial cells and neurones in different parts of the nervous system Describes the role og glial cells in neuropathology Focus boxes highlight key points and summarise important facts Companion website with downloadable figures and slides

Cerebral Cortex

Cerebral Cortex PDF Author: Alan Peters
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306459665
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 828
Book Description
This volume of Cerebral Cortex is dedicated to Sir John Eccles, who was an active member of the advisory board for the series until his death in May 1997. His input as to what topics should be covered in future volumes of this series will be sorely missed. The present volume is concerned with neurodegenerative disorders and age related changes in the structure and function of the cerebral cortex, a topic that has attracted increasing interest as longevity and the number of aged individuals in the population increase. Although much of the research on the neurodegenerative effects of aging has been centered on Alzheimer's disease, most of the aging popu lation will not be afflicted by this disease. They will, however, be affected by the consequences of normal aging, so the first few chapters of this volume are con cerned with that topic. Chapter 1, by Marilyn S. Albert and Mark B. Moss, gives an account of the cognitive changes that accompany normal human aging. Chapter 2, by Mark B.

Author Index to Psychological Index ... and Psychological Abstracts ...

Author Index to Psychological Index ... and Psychological Abstracts ... PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Psychological abstracts
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


Vital Models

Vital Models PDF Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128125586
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 246
Book Description
Vital Models: The Making and Use of Models in the Brain Sciences, Volume 233, a new volume in the Progress of Brain Research series, explores the history and use of 3D models of the brain in research and teaching, the development of digital models and simulations of the brain and the development and use of animal models. New to this volume are chapters on the Epistemic virtues of visualization: The Living Brain Revisited, Slicing the Cortex to Study Mental Illness: Alois Alzheimer’s Pictures of Equivalence, and Opaque Models: Using Drugs and Dreams to Explore the Neurobiological Basis of Mental Phenomena. This timely volume helps both scientists and students better understand the variety, strengths, weaknesses and applicability of models in neuroscience and psychiatry. Presents a timely update on the topic of brain research and modeling techniques Contains sections from true authorities in the field