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Neuroscience and Critique

Neuroscience and Critique PDF Author: Jan De Vos
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317500245
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 236
Book Description
Recent years have seen a rapid growth in neuroscientific research, and an expansion beyond basic research to incorporate elements of the arts, humanities and social sciences. It has been suggested that the neurosciences will bring about major transformations in the understanding of ourselves, our culture and our society. In academia one finds debates within psychology, philosophy and literature about the implications of developments within the neurosciences, and the emerging fields of educational neuroscience, neuro-economics, and neuro-aesthetics also bear witness to a ‘neurological turn’ which is currently taking place. Neuroscience and Critique is a ground-breaking edited collection which reflects on the impact of neuroscience in contemporary social science and the humanities. It is the first book to consider possibilities for a critique of the theories, practices, and implications of contemporary neuroscience. Bringing together leading scholars from several disciplines, the contributors draw upon a range of perspectives, including cognitive neuroscience, critical philosophy, psychoanalysis, and feminism, and also critically examine several key ideas in contemporary neuroscience, including: The idea of "neural personhood" Theories of emotion in affective neuroscience Empathy, intersubjectivity and the notion of "embodied simulation" The concept of an "emo-rational" actor within neuro-economics. The volume will stimulate further debate in the emerging field of interdisciplinary studies in neuroscience, and will appeal to researchers and advanced students in a range of disciplines including critical psychology, philosophy, and critical studies.

Neuroscience and Critique

Neuroscience and Critique PDF Author: Jan De Vos
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317500245
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 236
Book Description
Recent years have seen a rapid growth in neuroscientific research, and an expansion beyond basic research to incorporate elements of the arts, humanities and social sciences. It has been suggested that the neurosciences will bring about major transformations in the understanding of ourselves, our culture and our society. In academia one finds debates within psychology, philosophy and literature about the implications of developments within the neurosciences, and the emerging fields of educational neuroscience, neuro-economics, and neuro-aesthetics also bear witness to a ‘neurological turn’ which is currently taking place. Neuroscience and Critique is a ground-breaking edited collection which reflects on the impact of neuroscience in contemporary social science and the humanities. It is the first book to consider possibilities for a critique of the theories, practices, and implications of contemporary neuroscience. Bringing together leading scholars from several disciplines, the contributors draw upon a range of perspectives, including cognitive neuroscience, critical philosophy, psychoanalysis, and feminism, and also critically examine several key ideas in contemporary neuroscience, including: The idea of "neural personhood" Theories of emotion in affective neuroscience Empathy, intersubjectivity and the notion of "embodied simulation" The concept of an "emo-rational" actor within neuro-economics. The volume will stimulate further debate in the emerging field of interdisciplinary studies in neuroscience, and will appeal to researchers and advanced students in a range of disciplines including critical psychology, philosophy, and critical studies.

Constructions of Neuroscience in Early Childhood Education

Constructions of Neuroscience in Early Childhood Education PDF Author: Michel Vandenbroeck
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315445115
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 109
Book Description
This book explores and critiques topical debates in educational sciences, philosophy, social work and cognitive neuroscience. It examines constructions of children, parents and the welfare state in relation to neurosciences and its vocabulary of brain architecture, critical periods and toxic stress. The authors provide insight into the historical roots of the relationship between early childhood education policy and practice and sciences. The book argues that the neurophilia in the early childhood education field is not a coincidence, but relates to larger societal changes that value economic arguments over ethical, social and eminently pedagogical concerns. It affects the image of the child, the parent and the very meaning of education in general. Constructions of Neuroscience in Early Childhood Education discusses what neuroscience has to offer, what its limitations are, and how to gain a more nuanced view on its benefits and challenges. The debates in this book will support early childhood researchers, students and practitioners in the field to make their own judgements about new evolutions in the scientific discourse.

The Metamorphoses of the Brain – Neurologisation and its Discontents

The Metamorphoses of the Brain – Neurologisation and its Discontents PDF Author: Jan De Vos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137505575
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 250
Book Description
What are we exactly, when we are said to be our brain? This question leads Jan De Vos to examine the different metamorphoses of the brain: the educated brain, the material brain, the iconographic brain, the sexual brain, the celebrated brain and, finally, the political brain. This first, protracted and sustained argument on neurologisation, which lays bare its lineage with psychologisation, should be taken seriously by psychologists, educationalists, sociologists, students of cultural studies, policy makers and, above all, neuroscientists themselves.

Neuroscience and Education

Neuroscience and Education PDF Author: Clarence W. Joldersma
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131762310X
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 230
Book Description
This volume makes a philosophical contribution to the application of neuroscience in education. It frames neuroscience research in novel ways around educational conceptualizing and practices, while also taking a critical look at conceptual problems in neuroeducation and at the economic reasons driving the mind-brain education movement. It offers alternative approaches for situating neuroscience in educational research and practice, including non-reductionist models drawing from Dewey and phenomenological philosophers such as Martin Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty. The volume gathers together an international bevy of leading philosophers of education who are in a unique position to contribute conceptually rich and theoretically framed insight on these new developments. The essays form an emerging dialogue to be used within philosophy of education as well as neuroeducation, educational psychology, teacher education and curriculum studies.

Towards a neuroscience of social interaction

Towards a neuroscience of social interaction PDF Author: Ulrich Pfeiffer
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 9782889191048
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 587
Book Description
The burgeoning field of social neuroscience has begun to illuminate the complex biological bases of human social cognitive abilities. However, in spite of being based on the premise of investigating the neural bases of interacting minds, the majority of studies have focused on studying brains in isolation using paradigms that investigate offline social cognition, i.e. social cognition from a detached observer's point of view, asking study participants to read out the mental states of others without being engaged in interaction with them. Consequently, the neural correlates of real-time social interaction have remained elusive and may —paradoxically— represent the 'dark matter' of social neuroscience. More recently, a growing number of researchers have begun to study online social cognition, i.e. social cognition from a participant's point of view, based on the assumption that there is something fundamentally different when we are actively engaged with others in real-time social interaction as compared to when we merely observe them. Whereas, for offline social cognition, interaction and feedback are merely a way of gathering data about the other person that feeds into processing algorithms 'inside’ the agent, it has been proposed that in online social cognition the knowledge of the other —at least in part— resides in the interaction dynamics ‘between’ the agents. Furthermore being a participant in an ongoing interaction may entail a commitment toward being responsive created by important differences in the motivational foundations of online and offline social cognition. In order to promote the development of the neuroscientific investigation of online social cognition, this Frontiers Research Topic aims at bringing together contributions from researchers in social neuroscience and related fields, whose work involves the study of at least two individuals and sometimes two brains, rather than single individuals and brains responding to a social context. Specifically, this Research Topic will adopt an interdisciplinary perspective on what it is that separates online from offline social cognition and the putative differences in the recruitment of underlying processes and mechanisms. Here, an important focal point will be to address the various roles of social interaction in contributing to and —at times— constituting our awareness of other minds. For this Research Topic, we, therefore, solicit reviews, original research articles, opinion and method papers, which address the investigation of social interaction and go beyond traditional concepts and ways of experimentation in doing so. While focusing on work in the neurosciences, this Research Topic also welcomes contributions in the form of behavioral studies, psychophysiological investigations, methodological innovations, computational approaches, developmental and patient studies. By focusing on cutting-edge research in social neuroscience and related fields, this Frontiers Research Topic will create new insights concerning the neurobiology of social interaction and holds the promise of helping social neuroscience to really go social.

Neuroeconomics: the Odyssey

Neuroeconomics: the Odyssey PDF Author: Varoozh Sahakian
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1477155201
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
Armenian origin neuroeconomist, Varoozh Sahakian, holds D.B.A., Ph.D degrees in Economics & a Ph.D in Sociology. His disappointment with thetraditional neoclassical economic theory top-down"macho-biased" approach to homo-economicus, alongwith his belief that homo-sapines choicebehavior & decision-making is limited mainly by his/her biology, or in other words, economics actually is apart of biology science, motivated him to gather deepknowledge about human bilology, brain & nervoussystem, gender differences, genetic and hormonal &chemical functions. The "Female brain unearths the neoclassicaleconomic theory biases/ anomalies, " book is the first oftwo books the author has written about this newborn, yet, burgeoning field of "Neuro-economics, " a highlypromising human science approach to understandingthe neurobiological bases of human choice behaviorand decision-making processes. The author presents a very promising andblossoming scientific field, which portrays a moreaccurate and real & candid picture of human naturethan neoclassical reductionist economic theory.In many aspects, neuroeconomics approach is apositive, constructive one, helping to explain thehuman capacity for kindness and cooperation andthe centrality of fairness to social emotions, morality &norms (by-passed by many Walrasian and neoclassicaladvocates). The book, after all, introduces an economicagent who is not necessarily acquisitive automationconditioned always to narrow self-interest, likeneoclassical economic theory's unisex (macho)or unsex, but can be a female &male, young & olddecision maker. In other words, it introduces a morereal, "whole human:" A 'Homo-Neuro-Economicus.'The most outstanding initiative of the bookis the introduction of a feminist economic theory, its critical approach to the neoclassical economictheory, supported interestingly not only by sociocultural/historical insights but by neuro-biological, psychological, gender, chemical & hormonal evidence, too. The author envisions, that this challengingdiscipline is likely, once for all, to realize Adam Smith & David Hume's dream by providing;"A unified theory of human choice behaviorand decision-making in the forthcoming future."

UCSF General Catalog

UCSF General Catalog PDF Author: University of California, San Francisco
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 570
Book Description


School of Nursing

School of Nursing PDF Author: University of California, San Francisco. School of Nursing
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Nursing
Languages : en
Pages : 280
Book Description


The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics PDF Author: L. Syd M Johnson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317483510
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 510
Book Description
The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics offers the reader an informed view of how the brain sciences are being used to approach, understand, and reinvigorate traditional philosophical questions, as well as how those questions, with the grounding influence of neuroscience, are being revisited beyond clinical and research domains. It also examines how contemporary neuroscience research might ultimately impact our understanding of relationships, flourishing, and human nature. Written by 61 key scholars and fresh voices, the Handbook’s easy-to-follow chapters appear here for the first time in print and represent the wide range of viewpoints in neuroethics. The volume spotlights new technologies and historical articulations of key problems, issues, and concepts and includes cross-referencing between chapters to highlight the complex interactions of concepts and ideas within neuroethics. These features enhance the Handbook’s utility by providing readers with a contextual map for different approaches to issues and a guide to further avenues of interest.

The Wiley Handbook of Evolutionary Neuroscience

The Wiley Handbook of Evolutionary Neuroscience PDF Author: Stephen V. Shepherd
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119994691
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 594
Book Description
Comprehensive and authoritative, The Wiley Handbook of Evolutionary Neuroscience unifies the diverse strands of an interdisciplinary field exploring the evolution of brains and cognition. A comprehensive reference that unifies the diverse interests and approaches associated with the neuroscientific study of brain evolution and the emergence of cognition Tackles some of the biggest questions in neuroscience including what brains are for, what factors constrain their biological development, and how they evolve and interact Provides a broad and balanced view of the subject, reviewing both vertebrate and invertebrate anatomy and emphasizing their shared origins and mechanisms Features contributions from highly respected scholars in their fields