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Primary Explosives

Primary Explosives PDF Author: Robert Matyáš
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642284361
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 338
Book Description
This is the first comprehensive overview of this topic. It serves as a single source for information about the properties, preparation, and uses of all relevant primary explosives. The first chapter provides background such as the basics of initiation and differences between requirements on primary explosives used in detonators and igniters. The authors then clarify the influence of physical characteristics on explosive properties, focusing on those properties required for primary explosives. Furthermore, the issue of sensitivity is discussed. All the chapters on particular groups of primary explosives are structured in the same way, including introduction, physical and chemical properties, explosive properties, preparation and documented use. The authors thoroughly verified all data and information. A unique feature of this book are original microscopic images of some explosives.

Primary Explosives

Primary Explosives PDF Author: Robert Matyáš
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642284361
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 338
Book Description
This is the first comprehensive overview of this topic. It serves as a single source for information about the properties, preparation, and uses of all relevant primary explosives. The first chapter provides background such as the basics of initiation and differences between requirements on primary explosives used in detonators and igniters. The authors then clarify the influence of physical characteristics on explosive properties, focusing on those properties required for primary explosives. Furthermore, the issue of sensitivity is discussed. All the chapters on particular groups of primary explosives are structured in the same way, including introduction, physical and chemical properties, explosive properties, preparation and documented use. The authors thoroughly verified all data and information. A unique feature of this book are original microscopic images of some explosives.

The Chemistry of Explosives

The Chemistry of Explosives PDF Author: Jacqueline Akhavan
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849733309
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 193
Book Description
A unique text which introduces difficult subjects in a readable manner, covering all aspects of explosive chemistry from history to manufacturing techniques and formulation.

Modern Methods and Applications in Analysis of Explosives

Modern Methods and Applications in Analysis of Explosives PDF Author: Jehuda Yinon
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471965626
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
Book Description
An up-to-date handbook, with the latest advances including all the various methods and techniques for analyzing explosives. Explosive compounds and mixtures, residues--their recovery and clean-up procedures--chromatography, polarography, spectroscopy, environmental analysis and mass spectroscopy are among the topics covered.

Test Methods for Explosives

Test Methods for Explosives PDF Author: Muhamed Suceska
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461207975
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 225
Book Description
It seems that there is no book that treats the measurement of the physical pa rameters of explosives as its only subject, although limited information is avail able in a number of books. Therefore, I have tried to bridge this gap in the lit erature with this book. A large number of various physical parameters have to be determined ex perimentally in order to test or characterise an explosive. Various physical principles have been applied for such measurements. Accordingly, a large number of different experimental methods exist, as well as various testing appa ratuses and procedures. On the other hand, great progress has been made recently in the study of detonation phenomena. New measuring techniques can assess extremely short processes to below nanoseconds scale. They make it possible to determine im portant parameters in detonation physics. I have made a great attempt to cover the available literature data on the subject. Because it would be a highly demanding task to include in a single volume all the methods that are in use by various testing agencies, I have tried to give primarily the principles for determination of individual physical pa rameters of explosives by different measuring methods as well as data treatment procedures.

Structure/Property Correlations in Primary Explosives

Structure/Property Correlations in Primary Explosives PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 68
Book Description
The long range objective of the present combined experimental and theoretical program is to develop a relationship between chemical structure and primary explosive behavior as a research tool for assessing the potential of primary explosives. The ability to undergo a rapid deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) was the explosive behavior chosen to identify and rank primary explosives. DDT studies of two potential isomeric cast primaries, 1-methyl-5-nitrotetrazole (1-MNT) and 2-methyl-5-nitrotetrazole (2-MNT), were undertaken as the first step towards achieving this objective. Isomeric cast explosives are most convenient for isolating the effects of chemical structure in primaries because isomers have different molecular structures but essentially the same physical properties; because inhomogeneities leading to increased sensitivity are minimized by the casting process; and because the mechanism of DDT is more fully understood in cast explosives than in porous explosives. The experimental observation that DDT occurs more readily in cast 2-MNT than in cast 1-MNT clearly demonstrates the influence of chemical structure on primary explosive behavior. The threshold voltages for ignition by a hot bridgewire were found to be 110 volts for cast 2-MNT and 375 volts for cast 1-MNT. Critical times and distances for DDT in cast 2-MNT of 8 microsec and 2-3 mm, respectively, were determined by performing experiments on changes of different lengths.

Rock Blasting and Explosives Engineering

Rock Blasting and Explosives Engineering PDF Author: Per-Anders Persson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 135141822X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 560
Book Description
Rock Blasting and Explosives Engineering covers the practical engineering aspects of many different kinds of rock blasting. It includes a thorough analysis of the cost of the entire process of tunneling by drilling and blasting in comparison with full-face boring. Also covered are the fundamental sciences of rock mass and material strength, the thermal decomposition, burning, shock initiation, and detonation behavior of commercial and military explosives, and systems for charging explosives into drillholes. Functional descriptions of all current detonators and initiation systems are provided. The book includes chapters on flyrock, toxic fumes, the safety of explosives, and even explosives applied in metal working as a fine art. Fundamental in its approach, the text is based on the practical industrial experience of its authors. It is supported by an abundance of tables, diagrams, and figures. This combined textbook and handbook provides students, practitioners, and researchers in mining, mechanical, building construction, geological, and petroleum engineering with a source from which to gain a thorough understanding of the constructive use of explosives.

High Energy Materials

High Energy Materials PDF Author: Jai Prakash Agrawal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527326103
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 464
Book Description
Propellants, explosives and pyrotechnics- or high energy materials (HEMs) to use an umbrella term - have obvious applications in the military sector, but can also be used in a variety of ways in civilian areas such as mining, construction or spacecraft engineering. The discovery of new explosives in the 1980s boosted research and development and paved the way for a systematic, purposeful synthesis of high energy materials. This handbook and ready reference covers all important HEMs from the 1950s to the present with their respective properties and intended applications. Written at an attainable level for professionals, engineers and technicians alike, the book provides a comprehensive overview of the current status of HEMs and suggests further directions for research and development. An introductory chapter on the chemical and thermodynamic basics allows the reader to become acquainted with the fundamental features of explosives, before moving on to the important safety aspects in processing, handling, transportation and storage of high energy materials. With its collation of results and formulation strategies hitherto scattered throughout the literature, this unique handbook should be on the bookshelf of every HEM researcher and developer.

Performance of Explosives and New Developments

Performance of Explosives and New Developments PDF Author: Bibhu Mohanty
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203387708
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 136
Book Description
There is considerable scope for improving the outcome of any blasting operation through basic understanding and application of the principles of blasting science and technology. The main objective of Performance of Explosives and New Developments is to sensitize the practitioner to critically examine the various empirical approaches in blasting whi

Organic Chemistry of Explosives

Organic Chemistry of Explosives PDF Author: Jai Prakash Agrawal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470059357
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 414
Book Description
Organic Chemistry of Explosives is the first text to bring together the essential methods and routes used for the synthesis of organic explosives in a single volume. Assuming no prior knowledge, the book discusses everything from the simplest mixed acid nitration of toluene, to the complex synthesis of highly energetic caged nitro compounds. Reviews laboratory and industrial methods, which can be used to introduce aliphatic C-nitro, aromatic C-nitro, N-nitro, and nitrate ester functionality into organic compounds Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each synthetic method or route, with scope, limitations, substrate compatibility and other important considerations Features numerous examples in the form of text, reaction diagrams, and tables.

The Chemistry of Explosives 4E

The Chemistry of Explosives 4E PDF Author: Jacqueline Akhavan
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1839164468
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 194
Book Description
Written for students with no previous knowledge of explosives, this concise, easy-to-read book outlines the basic principles needed to understand the chemical mechanisms of explosions.