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Understanding the Archaeological Record

Understanding the Archaeological Record PDF Author: Gavin Lucas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107010268
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 306
Book Description
Machine generated contents note: 1. The trouble with theory; 2. The total record; 3. Formation theory; 4. Materialized culture; 5. Archaeological entities; 6. Archaeological interventions; 7. A 'new' social archaeology?

Understanding the Archaeological Record

Understanding the Archaeological Record PDF Author: Gavin Lucas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107010268
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 306
Book Description
Machine generated contents note: 1. The trouble with theory; 2. The total record; 3. Formation theory; 4. Materialized culture; 5. Archaeological entities; 6. Archaeological interventions; 7. A 'new' social archaeology?

The Quality of the Archaeological Record

The Quality of the Archaeological Record PDF Author: Charles Perreault
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022663101X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 280
Book Description
Paleobiology struggled for decades to influence our understanding of evolution and the history of life because it was stymied by a focus on microevolution and an incredibly patchy fossil record. But in the 1970s, the field took a radical turn, as paleobiologists began to investigate processes that could only be recognized in the fossil record across larger scales of time and space. That turn led to a new wave of macroevolutionary investigations, novel insights into the evolution of species, and a growing prominence for the field among the biological sciences. In The Quality of the Archaeological Record, Charles Perreault shows that archaeology not only faces a parallel problem, but may also find a model in the rise of paleobiology for a shift in the science and theory of the field. To get there, he proposes a more macroscale approach to making sense of the archaeological record, an approach that reveals patterns and processes not visible within the span of a human lifetime, but rather across an observation window thousands of years long and thousands of kilometers wide. Just as with the fossil record, the archaeological record has the scope necessary to detect macroscale cultural phenomena because it can provide samples that are large enough to cancel out the noise generated by micro-scale events. By recalibrating their research to the quality of the archaeological record and developing a true macroarchaeology program, Perreault argues, archaeologists can finally unleash the full contributive value of their discipline.

Space, Time, and Archaeological Landscapes

Space, Time, and Archaeological Landscapes PDF Author: Jaqueline Rossignol
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306441615
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 298
Book Description
The last 20 years have witnessed a proliferation of new approaches in archaeolog ical data recovery, analysis, and theory building that incorporate both new forms of information and new methods for investigating them. The growing importance of survey has meant an expansion of the spatial realm of traditional archaeological data recovery and analysis from its traditional focus on specific locations on the landscape-archaeological sites-to the incorporation of data both on-site and off-site from across extensive regions. Evolving survey methods have led to experiments with nonsite and distributional data recovery as well as the critical evaluation of the definition and role of archaeological sites in data recovery and analysis. In both survey and excavation, the geomorphological analysis of land scapes has become increasingly important in the analysis of archaeological ma terials. Ethnoarchaeology-the use of ethnography to sharpen archaeological understanding of cultural and natural formation processes-has concentrated study on the formation processes underlying the content and structure of archae ological deposits. These actualistic studies consider patterns of deposition at the site level and the material results of human organization at the regional scale. Ethnoarchaeological approaches have also affected research in theoretical ways by expanding investigation into the nature and organization of systems of land use per se, thus providing direction for further study of the material results of those systems.

Bones

Bones PDF Author: Lewis R. Binford
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483213951
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 328
Book Description
Bones: Ancient Men and Modern Myths focuses on bone structures and characteristics, including bone modifications, breakage, processing, and destruction by animals. The publication first elaborates on the transitions to relics to artifacts and monuments to assemblages and middle-range research and the role of actualistic studies, including artifact and assemblage phase and relic and monument phase. The text then takes a look at the patterns of bone modifications produced by nonhuman agents and human modes of bone modification. Discussions focus on breakage related to other forms of bone processing, morphology of bone breakage, chopping and bone breakage as butchering techniques, butchering marks, bone breakage and destruction by animals, tooth marks, and previous approaches to understanding the significance of broken and modified bone. The manuscript ponders on patterns of association stemming from the behavior of man versus that of beast, as well as control collections of animal-structured assemblages; information on kill behavior and comparisons; observations of wolves and their behavior; and studies of assemblage composition caused by beasts. The publication is a valuable source of information for researchers interested in bone structure and modifications.

Pottery in the Archaeological Record

Pottery in the Archaeological Record PDF Author: Mark L. Lawall
Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag
ISBN: 8771240888
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 168
Book Description
Archaeologist are increasingly focusing on the transformation of artifacts from their use in the past to their appearance in the archaeological record, trying to identiy the natural and cultural processes that created the archaeological record we study today. In Classical Archaeology, attention to these processes received an impetus by J. Theodore Pena's 2007 monograph, Roman Pottery in the Archaeological Record, which considered how ceramic vessels were made, used and stayed in use serving various secondary purposes, before finally being discarded. Pena relied mainly on evidence from Roman Italy, which raises the question of the impact of similar cultural forces on pottery from other periods and places. His work accentuates the need to continue the process of building and developing explicit interpretive models of ceramic life-histories in Mediterranean archeology. With a view to beginning to address these challenges, the editors invited a group of specialists in the pottery of Greece and the rest of the Eastern Mediterranean to a colloquium in Athens in June 2008, asking the contributors to recondiser Pena's general models, approaches and examples from their own particular geographic and cultural perspectives. This publication constitutes the proceedings of this colloquium.

Archaeological Theory and Scientific Practice

Archaeological Theory and Scientific Practice PDF Author: Andrew Jones
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139432044
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 206
Book Description
Is archaeology an art or a science? This question has been hotly debated over the last few decades with the rise of archaeological science. At the same time, archaeologists have seen a change in the intellectual character of their discipline, as many writers have adopted approaches influenced by social theory. The discipline now encompasses both archaeological scientists and archaeological theorists, and discussion regarding the status of archaeology remains polarised. In this 2001 book, Andrew Jones argues that we need to analyse the practice of archaeology. Through an analysis of archaeological practice, influenced by recent developments in the field of science studies, and with the aid of extensive case studies, he develops a new framework which allows the interpretative and methodological components of the discipline to work in tandem. His reassessment of the status and character of archaeology will be of interest to students, scholars and professionals.

Interpreting Archaeology

Interpreting Archaeology PDF Author: Ian Hodder
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415073301
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 275
Book Description
Covers the ways in which material culture is understood and preserved in museums and how the nature of history is itself in flux.

A Re-examination of the Palaeolithic Archaeological Record of Northern Tamil Nadu, South India

A Re-examination of the Palaeolithic Archaeological Record of Northern Tamil Nadu, South India PDF Author: Shanti Pappu
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN:
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 246
Book Description
An expanded dissertation which uses a variety of approaches to examine the use of resources and evidence for human behaviour in `a classic area for the Indian Palaeolithic'. Sections that examine the Quaternary environment, the archaeological record, the ethnographic record and hominid adaptive strategies are illustrated throughout with drawings of lithics and photographs of sites which cover the entire Palaeolithic period.

Roman Pottery in the Archaeological Record

Roman Pottery in the Archaeological Record PDF Author: J. Theodore Peña
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139464272
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
This book examines how Romans used their pottery and the implications of these practices on the archaeological record. It is organized around a flow model for the life cycle of Roman pottery that includes a set of eight distinct practices: manufacture, distribution, prime use, reuse, maintenance, recycling, discard, reclamation. J. Theodore Peña evaluates how these practices operated, how they have shaped the archaeological record, and the implications of these processes on archaeological research through the examination of a wide array of archaeological, textual, representational and comparative ethnographic evidence. The result is a rich portrayal of the dynamic that shaped the archaeological record of the ancient Romans that will be of interest to archaeologists, ceramicists, and students of material culture.

Deviant Burial in the Archaeological Record

Deviant Burial in the Archaeological Record PDF Author: Eileen M. Murphy
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1782975357
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 244
Book Description
This edited volume contains twelve papers that present evidence on non-normative burial practices from the Neolithic through to Post-Medieval periods and includes case studies from some ten countries. It has long been recognised by archaeologists that certain individuals in a variety of archaeological cultures from diverse periods and locations have been accorded differential treatment in burial relative to other members of their society. These individuals can include criminals, women who died during childbirth, unbaptised infants, people with disabilities, and supposed revenants, to name but a few. Such burials can be identifiable in the archaeological record from an examination of the location and external characteristics of the grave site. Furthermore, the position of the body in addition to its association with unusual grave goods can be a further feature of atypical burials. The motivation behind such non-normative burial practices is also diverse and can be related to a wide variety of social and religious beliefs. It is envisaged that the volume will make a significant contribution towards our understanding of the complexities involved when dealing with non-normative burials in the archaeological record.